Neurology deals with the problems of the central and peripheral nervous system, and also studies the mechanisms of their development, symptoms and possible ways of diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

A neurologist (who is also a neuropathologist) diagnoses and treats diseases of the nervous system.

The nervous system is divided into two parts: central and peripheral. The central nervous system is formed by the head and spinal cord, the peripheral nervous system are the nerves, nerve nodes and nerve endings.

Many people are interested in: when you need to seek help from a neurologist. You should be alerted to the following symptoms:

  • speech impairment;
  • pain in the extremities, neck, back, thorax, lower back;
  • migraines and headaches;
  • depression and sleep disturbance;
  • frequent fainting;
  • asthenia and an increased level of anxiety;
  • noise in ears;
  • fast fatiguability;
  • impaired vision, attention and memory;
  • convulsions;
  • impaired coordination of movements;
  • weakness of the limbs;
  • trembling of individual parts of the body (more often – limbs);
  • impaired sensitivity (hypersensitivity or lack of sensitivity in general);
  • numbness of different parts of the body;
  • impaired breathing and swallowing;
  • urinary and fecal incontinence.

Also any head injury is a reason to see a doctor.

Reception of the neurologist implies a questioning of the patient regarding complaints, the study of the medical history and examination. After the initial consultation, the neurologist decides which additional studies are needed. So, the direction on MRT, ultrasonic researches, an electroencephalography, an electroneuromyography, a roentgenography can be written out.

Timely treatment and dynamic observation of a patient will lead to an improvement in the condition and complete recovery of the patient. The neurologist selects medications and necessary procedures taking into account the characteristics of the patient’s body, the state of his health, the severity of the symptoms and the severity of the disease.

Back in ancient Egypt, about three thousand years ago, people were studying and describing symptoms with a neurological character. And the methods of treatment and diagnosis of these diseases have been found in the manuscripts of ancient Greek and ancient Indian physicians. In the XIX century, scientists systematically conducted observations and studies, and thus gave the basis for the process of creating techniques in the study and treatment of diseases of the human nervous system. And to date, many diseases that were previously considered incurable are overcome and eradicated completely.